Course Descriptions

Department of Anthropology

Professors V. M. Bryant, Jr., N. Dannhaeuser, D. B. Dickson, D. L. Hamilton (Head), M. R. Waters; Associate Professors M. S. Alvard, D. L. Carlson, K. J. Crisman, D. J. de Ruiter, F. E. Goebel, T. A. Green, S. L. Gursky-Doyen, C. M. Pulak, C. W. Smith, A. V. Thoms, L. F. Vieira de Castro, S. Wachsmann, C. A. Werner, L. E. Wright; Assistant Professors S. Athreya, S. Busdiecker, D. N. Carlson, S. L. Eckert, N. B. Vora, J. W. Winking

Anthropology
(ANTH)

201. (ANTH 2346) Introduction to Anthropology. (3-0). Credit 3. I, II, S

An introduction to the discipline of anthropology through the examination of its four sub-fields: archaeology, physical anthropology, socio-cultural anthropology and linguistics.

202. (ANTH 2302) Introduction to Archaeology. (3-0). Credit 3. I, II

An introduction to the study of the human past through the retrieval, analysis and interpretation of material remains.

205. Peoples and Cultures of the World. (3-0). Credit 3. I, II, S

Survey of human cultures around the world using case studies of customs and cultural organization; case studies exemplifying contrasting types of cultures and societies.

210. (ANTH 2351) Social and Cultural Anthropology. (3-0). Credit 3. I, II

Evolution of cultures; differences, similarities and effects of material and non-material culture on economic, social and political organization.

225. Biological Anthropology. (3-3). Credit 4.

Human biology to include examination of evolutionary processes acting on human populations; human genetics; non-human primate anatomy, classification and ecology of primates; the primate paleontological record, and human variation and adaptation.

229. Introduction to Folklore. (3-0). Credit 3.

Study of folklore through selected examples of traditional cultures, their beliefs, customs and art forms such as: tales, folksongs, proverbs, riddles and material culture.

285. Directed Studies. Credit 1 to 4.

For individual research in anthropology on subjects not included in established courses. May be repeated 2 times for credit. Prerequisites: Freshman or sophomore classification and approval of instructor.

300. Cultural Change and Development. (3-0). Credit 3.

Anthropological strategies for the study of cultural change and the implication of these strategies for the development of Western and non-Western societies.

301. Indians of North America. (3-0). Credit 3.

Native North American cultures from the Arctic to Mesoamerica; their origins, cultures prior to extensive acculturation and their contemporary situations.

302. Archaeology of North America. (3-0). Credit 3.

Overview of archaeology and prehistory of North America from the arrival of humankind through the development of agriculture to Euro-American contact. Prerequisite: ANTH 201, 202, 205 or 210.

303. Archaeology of the American Southwest. (3-0). Credit 3.

Overview of archaeology and prehistory of the southwestern United States and northern Mexico from the earliest evidence of human occupation to the Spanish conquest. Prerequisite: ANTH 201, 202, 205 or 210.

306. Indians of Texas. (3-0). Credit 3.

Tribal cultures of native and emigrant Texas Indians from prehistoric to contemporary times; origins, traditional cultures and problems of acculturation.

308. Archaeology of Mesoamerica. (3-0). Credit 3.

Development of Indian civilizations in Mexico and Guatemala, including prehistory of the Olmec, Maya, Aztec and other regional cultures to the time of the Spanish conquest.

312. Fossil Evidence of Human Evolution. (3-0). Credit 3.

Detailed review of fossil antecedents of humans including theoretical implications for an understanding of human evolution. Prerequisite: ANTH 225 or approval of instructor.

313. Historical Archaeology. (3-0). Credit 3.

Use and methods of historical archaeology in locating, documenting, restoring and preserving our historical resources.

314. Agrarian Peasant Societies. (3-0). Credit 3.

Major adaptations among traditional agricultural peoples of the world; production and marketing organization; culture of the village; ties between peasants and the nation; contemporary changes in traditional life.

315. Peoples and Cultures of Africa. (3-0). Credit 3.

African cultures and prehistory prior to extensive acculturation and problems facing contemporary African cultures.

316. Nautical Archaeology. (3-0). Credit 3. I

Underwater shipwrecks, sunken harbors and other submerged evidence of human activities; relationship to cultural geography in general; problems of diving technology, surveying and preservation; relevance to modern problems. Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.

317. Introduction to Biblical Archaeology. (3-0). Credit 3.

Application of archaeology in biblical research; basic overview of the material cultures that are the setting for the biblical narratives. Cross-listed with RELS 317.

318. Nautical Archaeology of the Americas. (3-0). Credit 3.

Seafaring in the Americas from the 16th to the 20th centuries based on shipwreck archaeology; ship construction, exploration, commerce, naval warfare and related activity; influence of seafaring on the cultures, economics and history of the Western Hemisphere.

319. Indians of Mexico and Central America. (3-0). Credit 3.

Examination of Mexican and Central American Indian culture and society through ethnographic and historical materials with a focus on the problems of socio-cultural change. Prerequisite: ANTH 201 or 205 or 210.

324. Music in World Cultures. (3-0). Credit 3.

Examines music from an ethnomusicological perspective focusing on musical performance and the complex interrelationship of music to culture, society, and daily life; surveys music from a variety of cultures through a series of case studies. Prerequisite: MUSC 102 or approval of instructor. Cross-listed with MUSC 324.

325. Texas Cultural History. (3-0). Credit 3.

The image of Texas history, tradition and popular culture from the 19th century to the present. Prerequisite: HIST 226 or ANTH 201, 210 or 229. Cross-listed with HIST 325.

330. Field Research in Anthropology. Credit 1 to 9.

Training for students in formulating and solving anthropological problems through field research; problem oriented field research under supervision. Prerequisites: 6 hours of anthropology; approval of instructor.

335. Cultures of Central Asia. (3-0). Credit 3.

Study of anthropological research in Central Asia: ecological adaptations; colonialism and post-colonialism; ethnic politics and ethnic conflict; religion and identity; gender and family; globalization and modernization. Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.

340. Folklore and the Supernatural. (3-0). Credit 3.

Introduction to the traditional expressions of the supernatural such as superstition, belief tale and divination classified as folklore genres and their relationships to the cultures in which they develop; theories drawn from anthropology, folklore and related social sciences. Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.

350. Archaeology of the Old World. (3-0). Credit 3.

Overview of archaeology and prehistory of Europe, Africa and Asia from the evolution of the hominids to the development of agriculture and the rise of civilization.

351. Classical Archaeology. (3-0). Credit 3.

Origins and spread of Western civilization through the material remains of Minoan, Mycenaean, Etruscan, and early Greek and Roman cultures.

353. Archaeology of Ancient Greece. (3-0). Credit 3.

Archaeology of ancient Greece from the Stone Age until the ascent of Rome in the Hellenistic Period; remains of ancient Greek art (sculpture, mosaic, painting), architecture (temples, homes, civic structures), religion (figurines, votive offerings), and social history (coins, inscriptions). Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification. Cross-listed with CLAS 353.

354. Archaeology of Ancient Italy. (3-0). Credit 3.

Archaeology of ancient Italy from the Stone Age until the collapse of the Roman Empire in the fourth century; remains of ancient Etruscan and Roman art (sculpture, mosaic, painting), architecture (temples, homes, civic structures), religion (figurines, votive offerings), and social history (coins, inscriptions). Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification. Cross-listed with CLAS 354.

401. Ice Age Humans in North America. (3-0). Credit 3.

Archaeological, environmental and geological evidence related to the timing of human entry into the Americas and megafaunal extinctions at the end of the Pleistocene. Prerequisite: ANTH 202 or equivalent.

403. Anthropology of Religion. (3-0). Credit 3.

Anthropological approach to religion and to the relationship between religion, economics, politics and social structure with particular reference to non-Western, pre-industrial societies. Cross-listed with RELS 403.

404. Women and Culture. (3-0). Credit 3.

Examines women’s lives in evolutionary and cross-cultural perspective; women’s roles in subsistence, politics, religion and economics in traditional cultures; women’s roles in international development; the cultural and social construction of women’s biology cross-culturally including circumcision, menstruation, pregnancy, childbirth and motherhood. Cross-listed with WMST 404.

405. Introduction to the Primates. (3-0). Credit 3.

Survey of nonhuman primates from ecological and evolutionary perspectives covering numerous topics including: taxonomy; primate evolution; behavioral observation; reproductive strategies; diet; and conservation. Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.

409. Science, Pseudoscience and Critical Thinking in Anthropology. (3-0). Credit 3.

Close scrutiny of fantastic claims made across a broad spectrum of media regarding anthropology, biological anthropology and archaeology; distinction of science from pseudoscience; critical evaluation of scientific and pseudoscientific research; evaluation of media portrayal of science; development of critical thinking skills for skeptical investigation of extraordinary claims. Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification or approval of instructor.

410. Anthropological Theory. (3-0). Credit 3.

A systematic examination of the basic principles of anthropology. Prerequisite: ANTH 210.

415. Anthropological Writing. (3-0). Credit 3.

Reading and discussion of the classic genres of anthropological literature; instruction in writing styles and techniques appropriate to each genre, followed by guided writing assignments. Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.

421. Museums and Their Functions. (2-3). Credit 3.

Role of museums, those specializing in natural history and the extent to which they serve the community, state, nation, and the advancement of the sciences included in their programs; history, operations, methods and programs. Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification. Cross-listed with WFSC 421.

423. Bioarchaeology. (3-0). Credit 3.

Role of human skeletal studies in reconstructing the biological and cultural past of humans; evidence gleaned from human skeletal remains recovered from archaeological sites such as data regarding diet, health, genetics and migration. Prerequisites: ANTH 225 or BIOL 225; junior or senior classification.

424. Introduction to Human Evolutionary Ecology. (3-0). Credit 3.

An introduction to the field of Human Evolutionary Ecology. Examines human behavioral adaptation through the application of evolutionary theory in a ecological context; emphasizes interdisciplinary, scientific methodologies.

425. Human Osteology. (2-3). Credit 3. I

Concepts and methods used by anthropologists to identify, describe and analyze human skeletal remains from forensic and archaeological contexts. Prerequisites: ANTH 225 or VIBS 305; junior or senior classification.

426. Anthropology of Food and Nutrition. (3-0). Credit 3.

Anthropological study of human foodways and their nutritional consequences; how environmental, biological and cultural factors interact to produce patterns of food intake, and the effects of such patterns on health, growth and fertility; examples drawn primarily from non-Western societies. Prerequisite: ANTH 201 or 210 or 225 or NUTR 202 or approval of instructor.

427. Human Variation. (3-0). Credit 3.

Biological basis of variation in the physical features of modern humans; details of anatomical and physiological differences of living populations to understand their adaptive and historical significance; history of human variation studies rooted in the historical notion of “race.” Prerequisites: ANTH 225, BIOL 214 or 225; junior or senior classification.

430. Applied Anthropology. (3-0). Credit 3.

Theory, ethics and practical applications of anthropological methods and concepts as they relate to planned programs of sociocultural change. Prerequisites: ANTH 210; junior or senior classification.

439. Gender, Ethnicity and Class in Archaeological Research. (3-0). Credit 3.

Exploration of theoretical and methodological issues in engendering archaeology; ideological biases in the interpretation of roles attributed to women, men, and underrepresented groups in the past; the impact of cultural transformation on underrepresented groups and gender relations; and the formulation of research questions concerning these issues. Prerequisites: ANTH 202, ANTH 210, WMST 200 or WMST 207; junior or senior classification or approval of instructor. Cross-listed with WMST 439.

446. Ceramic Artifact Analysis. (2-3). Credit 3.

Concepts, methods, and approaches used in the analysis of archaeological pottery with a focus on the techniques and theories used to bridge the gap between the recovery of ceramic artifacts and their interpretation within various anthropological contexts. Prerequisite: ANTH 202 and approval of instructor; junior or senior classification.

447. Lithic Artifact Analysis. (2-3). Credit 3.

Laboratory-based course reviewing methods archaeologists use to analyze stone tools and debitage, including identification of tool-stone sources, reconstruction of technology, explanation of assemblage variability, and microscopic use-wear analysis. Prerequisite: ANTH 202 and approval of instructor; junior or senior classification.

454. Archaeological Photography. (2-3). Credit 3.

How to better use cameras in the process of reporting archaeological sites and material culture by exploring old and new photographic technologies. Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.

484. Anthropology Internship. (3-0). Credit 3.

Provides students with the opportunity to gain practical experience in a variety of settings, including local, state or federal agencies; museums; non-profit organizations; non-governmental organizations; private firms. Prerequisites: ANTH 202, 210 and 225 with a grade of B or higher.

485. Directed Studies. Credit 1 to 9.

For individual research in anthropology on subjects not included in established courses. Prerequisites: Junior or senior classification and approval of instructor.

489. Special Topics in… Credit 1 to 4.

Selected topics in an identified area of anthropology. May be repeated for credit.

491. Research. Credit 1 to 3.

Research conducted under the direction of a faculty member in Anthropology. May be repeated 2 times for credit. Prerequisites: Junior or senior classification and approval of instructor.