Department of Geology and Geophysics

Geology

The field of geology includes the scientific study of all aspects of the solid Earth, from fundamental processes that shape it to knowledge that benefits society. The undergraduate curricula in geology foster critical thinking, and the application of scientific skills to the study of Earth materials (rocks, minerals, fossils, structures, landforms and subsurface fluids) and geologic processes. Courses provide a broad background in geology, emphasize knowledge transfer from other sciences to geologic problems and promote application to practical problems in petroleum exploration, environmental management and civil engineering.

The Department of Geology and Geophysics offers two undergraduate programs in geology, the Bachelor of Arts and the Bachelor of Science. The BS program is appropriate for students seeking careers as geologists or preparing for graduate school in geology, whereas the BA program is designed for students wishing to combine geology with other disciplines, and includes less rigorous mathematics and physics. Details of the two programs are given below along with specialty options and tracks.

Graduates must pass two Writing Intensive courses within their major. This requirement is described in Requirements for a Baccalaureate Degree. GEOL 311 and any geology or geophysics class with a 9xx section number meets the requirement. To remain in satisfactory academic standing, students must maintain a 2.0 or better GPR in all technical courses (geology, geophysics, chemistry, math and physics). Some courses in geology require field trips. Students are required to pay expenses incurred on such trips.

Geophysics

Geophysics includes all areas of scientific inquiry that deal with the physical state of Earth and other planets and the dynamic processes, which act on and within planetary bodies. The Department of Geology and Geophysics offers the Bachelor of Science in Geophysics for students who wish to combine a proficiency in mathematics with an interest in Earth. The objective of this program is to develop a physically-motivated approach to the study of Earth phenomena, through treatment of physical and geological principles and development of mathematical tools. Graduates will be well-prepared for careers in the energy and environmental industries, and for advanced study at top-ranked graduate programs.

Minors in Geology and Geophysics

The Department of Geology and Geophysics offers minors in three separate programs: Geology, Geophysics and Earth Sciences. Minors provide opportunities for broadening a student’s background and tailoring the curriculum to specific career goals. For example, a minor in Geology or Geophysics may be especially beneficial to students majoring in fields that deal directly or indirectly with geological processes. These include agriculture, anthropology, archaeology, architecture, business, law, biology, chemistry, recreation and parks and soil science, to name a few.

The Departments of Geology and Geophysics, and Geography offer a minor in Geographic Information Science and Technology (GIST). GIST is concerned with the collection, analysis and display of spatial information using geographic information systems, remote sensing, global positioning satellites and field mapping. The minor combines courses in computer science, mapping, geodesy, geographical information systems and remote sensing. GIST is used to solve problems associated with land administration, environment and natural resource management, planning and population studies in addition to traditional surveying and mapping applications. This minor represents a focused course of study, which can be combined with traditional areas of study in geology and geophysics, geography, and other areas of science and policy studies.

GEOL 101 Principles of Geology

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

(GEOL 1103 and 1303, 1403*) Principles of Geology. Physical and chemical nature of the Earth and dynamic processes that shape it; plate tectonics, Earth's interior, materials it is made of, age and evolution, earthquakes, volcanism, erosion and deposition; introduces physical and chemical principles applied to the Earth. Not open to students who have taken GEOL 103 or GEOL 104.

GEOL 102 Principles of Geology Laboratory

Credit 1. 2 Lab Hours.

Laboratory exercise-based introduction to the physical and chemical nature of the Earth and dynamic process that shape it; rock and mineral types; topographic and geologic maps; complements GEOL 101 but may be taken independently.

GEOL 104 Physical Geology

Credits 4. 3 Lecture Hours. 3 Lab Hours.

Earth materials, structures, external and internal characteristics; physical processes at work upon or within the planet. A working knowledge of high school chemistry and mathematics is required.

GEOL 106 Historical Geology

Credits 4. 3 Lecture Hours. 3 Lab Hours.

(GEOL 1104 and 1304, 1404*) Historical Geology. Hypotheses of Earth's origin; age dating of geologic materials; development and history of life; plate tectonic reconstructions, geologic history, and paleogeography, with emphasis on the North American plate.
Prerequisite: GEOL 101 or equivalent.

GEOL 108 Dinosaur Life and Times

Credit 1. 1 Lecture Hour.

Dinosaur paleobiology and paleoecology; terrestrial paleoclimate and paleoenvironments of the Mesozoic; dinosaur ancestors; appearance and radiation of dinosaurs; paleoecology and paleobiology of major dinosaur groups; extinction of large dinosaurs and the Cretaceous-Paleogene mass extinction; the appearance and ancestry of birds. Not open to students who have taken GEOL 307.

GEOL 203 Mineralogy

Credits 4. 2 Lecture Hours. 6 Lab Hours.

Crystallography, crystal chemistry, mineral chemistry, optical crystallography, physical properties, and geologic occurrence of rock-forming and economic minerals.
Prerequisites: GEOL 101, GEOL 104 or GEOL 320; CHEM 101; MATH 131 or MATH 151 or approval of instructor.

GEOL 285 Directed Studies

Credits 1 to 4. 1 to 4 Other Hours.

Directed studies in specific problem areas of geology.
Prerequisite: Approval of instructor.

GEOL 289 Special Topics in...

Credits 1 to 4. 1 to 4 Lecture Hours. 0 to 4 Lab Hours.

Selected topics in an identified area of geology. May be repeated for credit.
Prerequisite: Approval of instructor.

GEOL 291 Research

Credits 0 to 4. 0 to 4 Other Hours.

Research conducted under the direction of faculty member in geology. May be repeated 2 times for credit. Registration in multiple sections of this course is possible within a given semester provided that the per semester credit hour limit is not exceeded.
Prerequisites: Freshman or sophomore classification and approval of instructor.

GEOL 300 Field Geology

Credits 6. 6 Other Hours.

Basic concepts of field relationships and field techniques are used to develop geologic maps, stratigraphic columns, cross-sections and geologic interpretations for a variety of geologic provinces. Course conducted off-campus in a field camp for six weeks.
Prerequisites: GEOL 302, GEOL 306, GEOL 309, GEOL 312 or approval of instructor.*

GEOL 301 Mineral Resources

Credits 3. 2 Lecture Hours. 3 Lab Hours.

Origin, geologic relations and geographic distribution of mineral and energy resources; mineral economics, mining and reclamation and global economics in the resource industry; identification and classification of economic minerals including energy resources, base and precious metals, chemical industrial minerals and gemstones.
Prerequisites: GEOL 101 or GEOL 320; CHEM 106 or higher.*

GEOL 302 Introduction to Petrology

Credits 4. 3 Lecture Hours. 3 Lab Hours.

Introduction to the origin and evolution of igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks; classification and petrographic analysis of major rock types; relationships to tectonic settings.
Prerequisites: GEOL 104 and GEOL 203 or approval of instructor.

GEOL 304 Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology

Credits 4. 3 Lecture Hours. 3 Lab Hours.

Origin, identification and classification of igneous and metamorphic rocks; genetic processes inferred from laboratory studies and field occurrences.
Prerequisites: GEOL 302 and GEOL 309 or approval of instructor.*

GEOL 305 Paleobiology

Credits 3. 2 Lecture Hours. 3 Lab Hours.

Principles of paleobiology; study of organisms important in the marine fossil record; application of paleontology to geologic problems.
Prerequisite: GEOL 106 or approval of instructor.

GEOL 306 Sedimentology and Stratigraphy

Credits 4. 3 Lecture Hours. 3 Lab Hours.

Origin of sediments and sedimentary rocks; climate, weathering, and weathering products; transport, deposition, and depositional environments for sediments; field and laboratory studies in description and interpretation of genesis of sedimentary rocks; principles of stratigraphy and basin analysis; plate tectonics and the formation of sedimentary basins; stratigraphic nomenclature; geologic time and correlation; sequence stratigraphy and basin architecture.
Prerequisite: GEOL 101 or GEOL 104 or approval of instructor.*

GEOL 308 Integrated Earth Science

Credits 4. 3 Lecture Hours. 3 Lab Hours.

Integrated processes shaping Earth's crust, continents, ocean basins, atmosphere and biosphere; place of Earth in the universe; relationship between Earth and human society; related fundamental physical and biological science principles and processes within an integrated Earth science context. Not an elective for students pursuing degrees for careers as professional geologists.
Prerequisite: GEOL 101 or GEOG 203.*

GEOL 309 Introduction to Geological Field Methods

Credits 3. 1 Lecture Hour. 6 Lab Hours.

Geological mapping methods, field observation procedures and data gathering and recording; use of Brunton compass; pace-and-compass mapping; topographic map use and interpretation; measurement of structural elements; interpretation of geologic map patterns; measurement of stratigraphic sections; construction of geologic cross sections; six day geologic mapping project during either spring break or two three-day weekends.
Prerequisites: GEOL 101 or GEOL 104; GEOL 106.*

GEOL 310 Planetary Geology

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Introduction to planetary science; organization and composition of the solar system, including the planets, satellites and asteroids; surface features and internal structures of the terrestrial planets and moons; the dynamic processes of planetary resurfacing, including volcanism, tectonism, weathering and impacts; the history and future of solar system exploration.
Prerequisites: GEOL 101 or 104; junior or senior classification or approval of instructor.

GEOL 311 Principles of Geological Writing

Credit 1. 1 Lecture Hour.

Principles of writing for geological reports; format and style for abstracts, grant proposals, journal manuscripts and industry reports; evaluating written reports for revision and editing; using proper referencing and citation style; methods of maintaining clarity in documents; using web tools for geological communication.

GEOL 312 Structural Geology and Tectonics

Credits 4. 3 Lecture Hours. 3 Lab Hours.

Interpretation of rock structures; their relation to stratigraphic, physiographic and economic problems; regional tectonics of several selected areas.
Prerequisites: GEOL 101, GEOL 104 or GEOL 320; approval of instructor.*

GEOL 316 Team Research in Geology and Geophysics

Credits 3. 0 Lecture Hours. 9 Lab Hours.

Team-based research in geology and geophysics; hypothesis development, data collection, data interpretation; communication of geological/geophysical interpretations and data. May be taken four times for credit.
Prerequisites: GEOL 203 or concurrent enrollment and approval of instructor.

GEOL 320 Geology for Civil Engineers

Credits 3. 2 Lecture Hours. 3 Lab Hours.

Principles of physical and engineering geology; properties of minerals, rocks and soils; active surface and subsurface processes; applications to the siting, design, construction, operation and maintenance of engineered works and the protection of the environment. A three-day field trip is required (a field trip fee is charged at registration).
Prerequisite: Sophomore classification.*

GEOL 330 Geologic Field Trips

Credits 1 to 3. 1 to 3 Other Hours.

Field trips to observe, analyze and interpret the geology and geophysics of selected localities in Texas and adjacent regions; complements classroom experience. Trip frequencies, duration, dates and study localities vary with semester.
Prerequisite: GEOL 101 or GEOL 104 or approval of instructor. May be repeated for credit.*

GEOL 352/GEOG 352 GNSS in the Geosciences

Credits 3. 2 Lecture Hours. 3 Lab Hours.

Fundamentals of Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS); basic geodesy, figure of the earth; frames of reference, map projection, datums, ellipsoids; GPS accuracy and precision; applications in earth resource mapping and database creation; elementary GPS phase data processing.
Prerequisites: Junior or senior classification; approval of instructor.
Cross Listing: GEOG 352/GEOL 352.

GEOL 400 Reservoir Description

Credits 3. 2 Lecture Hours. 3 Lab Hours.

An integrated reservoir characterization and design experience for seniors in petroleum engineering, geology and geophysics; includes using geophysical, geological, petrophysical and engineering data; emphasis on reservoir description (reservoir and well data analysis and interpretation), reservoir modeling (simulation), reservoir management (production optimization) and economic analysis (property evaluation).
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification or approval of instructor.

GEOL 404 Geology of Petroleum

Credits 3. 2 Lecture Hours. 3 Lab Hours.

Origin, migration and accumulation of petroleum; typical U.S. oil and gas fluids; laboratory work in subsurface geology.
Prerequisites: GEOL 312; senior classification in geology.

GEOL 410 Hydrogeology

Credits 3. 2 Lecture Hours. 2 Lab Hours.

Geologic conditions determining the distribution and movement of ground water and their effect on the hydrologic properties of aquifers.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification or approval of instructor.

GEOL 420 Environmental Geology

Credits 3. 2 Lecture Hours. 2 Lab Hours.

Geologic concepts of the nature of geologic environments and the dynamics of geologic processes needed to characterize and quantify human interactions with specific geologic systems including aquifers, watershed, coastlines and wetlands; specific techniques, including geophysical and geochemical techniques, field mapping, geographical information systems and remote sensing used to monitor human-geosphere interactions.
Prerequisites: GEOL 101 or GEOG 203; junior or senior classification or approval of instructor.

GEOL 440 Engineering Geology

Credits 3. 2 Lecture Hours. 3 Lab Hours.

Fundamentals of soil, rock and fluid mechanics and basic engineering practices as applied to the analysis of the geologic environment for engineering uses. Designed for geoscience majors who have not had engineering courses.
Prerequisites: GEOL 312 or approval of instructor; PHYS 218.*

GEOL 451 Introduction to Geochemistry

Credits 3. 2 Lecture Hours. 2 Lab Hours.

Chemical principles and processes responsible for the formation and cycling of earth materials, with emphasis on low temperature equilibria and kinetics in rockwater systems.
Prerequisite: GEOL 302 or approval of instructor.

GEOL 478 Earth Science Modeling

Credits 4. 3 Lecture Hours. 3 Lab Hours.

Techniques for building, solving and analyzing numerical models applied to a wide variety of problems in geology, geochemistry, geobiology and geophysics; derivation and scaling of conservation laws; finite difference and finite element techniques; programming in MATLAB or a higher-level language.
Prerequisites: MATH 151; MATH 152; junior or senior classification.

GEOL 484 Internship

Credits 0. 0 Other Hours.

Directed internship in a private firm, government agency or non-governmental organization to provide work experience related to the student’s degree program and career objectives. May be taken two times.
Prerequisites: Junior or senior classification and approval of internship agency and approval of instructor.

GEOL 485 Directed Studies

Credits 1 to 12. 1 to 12 Other Hours.

Advanced problems in geology.

GEOL 489 Special Topics in...

Credits 1 to 4. 1 to 4 Lecture Hours. 0 to 4 Lab Hours.

Selected topics in an identified area of geology. May be repeated for credit.
Prerequisite: Approval of instructor.

GEOL 491 Research

Credits 0 to 4. 0 to 4 Other Hours.

Research conducted under the direction of faculty member in geology. May be repeated 2 times for credit. Registration in multiple sections of this course is possible within a given semester provided that the per semester credit hour limit is not exceeded.
Prerequisites: Junior or senior classification and approval of instructor.

Baines, John, Lecturer
Geology & Geophysics
PhD, Keely University, 1974

Benavides Iglesias, Alfonso, Lecturer
Geology & Geophysics
PHD, Texas A&M University, 2007

Carlson, Richard, Professor
Geology & Geophysics
PHD, University of Washington, 1976

Chester, Frederick, Professor
Geology & Geophysics
PHD, Texas A&M University, 1988

Chester, Judith, Professor
Geology & Geophysics
PHD, Texas A&M University, 1992

Dengo, Carlos, Executive Professor
Geology & Geophysics
PHD, Texas A&M Univerisity, 1982

Duan, Benchun, Associate Professor
Geology & Geophysics
PHD, University of California, Riverside, 2006

Everett, Mark, Professor
Geology & Geophysics
PHD, University of Toronto, 1991

Ewing, Ryan, Assistant Professor
Geology & Geophysics
PHD, The University of Texas - Austin, 2009

Fulton, Patrick, Assistant Professor
Geology & Geophysics
PHD, Pennsylvania State University, 2008

Giardino, John, Professor
Geology & Geophysics
PHD, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, 1979

Gibson, Richard, Professor
Geology & Geophysics
PHD, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1991

Grossman, Ethan, Professor
Geology & Geophysics
PHD, University of Southern California, 1982

Heaney, Michael, Instructional Assistant Professor
Geology & Geophysics
PHD, Texas A&M University, 1998

Kitajima, Hiroko, Assistant Professor
Geology & Geophysics
PHD, Texas A&M University, 2010

Knappett, Peter, Assistant Professor
Geology & Geophysics
PHD, University of Tennessee at Knoxville, 2010

Kronenberg, Andreas, Professor
Geology & Geophysics
PHD, Brown University, 1983

Lamb, William, Associate Professor
Geology & Geophysics
PHD, University of Wisconsin-madison, 1987

Laya Pereira, Juan, Assistant Professor
Geology & Geophysics
PhD, Durham University (UK), 2012

Marcantonio, Franco, Professor
Geology & Geophysics
PHD, Columbia University, 1994

Miller, Brent, Associate Professor
Geology & Geophysics
PHD, Dalhousie University, 1997

Miller, Kate, Professor
Geology & Geophysics
PHD, Stanford University, 1991

Newman, Julie, Associate Professor
Geology & Geophysics
PHD, University of Rochester, 1993

Pantano, John, Research Professor
Geology & Geophysics
PHD, University of South Carolina, 1988

Perez, Nicholas, Assistant Professor
Geology & Geophysics
PHD, University of Texas at Austin, 2015

Pope, Michael, Professor
Geology & Geophysics
PHD, Virginia Tech, 1995

Raymond, Anne, Professor
Geology & Geophysics
PHD, University of Chicago, 1983

Reece, Julia, Assistant Professor
Geology & Geophysics
PHD, University of Texas, 2011

Reece, Robert, Assistant Professor
Geology & Geophysics
PHD, The University of Texas - Austin, 2012

Sparks, David, Associate Professor
Geology & Geophysics
PHD, Brown University, 1992

Sun, Yuefeng, Professor
Geology & Geophysics
PHD, Columbia University, 1994

Tice, Michael, Associate Professor
Geology & Geophysics
PHD, Stanford University, 2006

Tominaga, Masako, Assistant Professor
Geology & Geophysics
PHD, Texas A&M University, 2009

Yancey, Thomas, Professor
Geology & Geophysics
PHD, University of California, Berkeley, 1971

Zhan, Hongbin, Professor
Geology & Geophysics
PHD, University of Nevada, Reno, 1996