Department of History

The Department of History at Texas A& M offers the B.A., M.A., and Ph.D. The faculty teach over one hundred undergraduate courses on peoples, ideas, and cultures from around the world and across the ages, and are devoted to developing students' critical thinking, reading, and writing skills. A major in history affords students both a broad education and valuable practical skills. By acquiring familiarity with people in diverse times, places and circumstances, students of history develop a sophisticated human empathy which is the key to good scholarship and good citizenship alike.

Many students rely upon a major in history as preparation for a career in teaching as well as graduate study in law, business, public administration, international relations and theology. A small number pursue graduate degrees in history itself. Other history majors seek postgraduate employment in business management, advertising and public relations, government service, museum and archival work, editorial and publishing work, park interpretation and administration, non-profit organizations, and professions requiring research and bibliographic skills.

HIST 101 Western Civilization to 1660

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

(HIST 2311) Western Civilization to 1660. Ancient civilizations, Greek, Roman and Asian; Christianity; medieval civilization in west, eastern Europe; political, social and intellectual developments from earliest human cultures to 1660.

HIST 102 Western Civilization Since 1660

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

(HIST 2312) Western Civilization Since 1660. Religious, dynastic and imperial developments; Industrial Revolution; western democracies; rise of nationalism and communism; central and eastern Europe; intellectual revolution; World Wars I and II and the contemporary world.

HIST 103 World History to 1500

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

(HIST 2321) World History to 1500. Development of major world societies in the premodern era; emergence of agrarian-based modes of production, political states, religious economy and a global division of systems; Eurasian world system and the civilizations of Africa and the Americas.

HIST 104 World History Since 1500

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

(HIST 2322) World History Since 1500. Interaction of major world societies in the modern era; emergence of the modern world-economy and a global division of labor; European imperialism and colonialism and reactions in Africa, Asia and Latin America.

HIST 105 History of the United States

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

(HIST 1301) History of the United States. Colonial heritage; Revolution; adoption of Constitution; growth of nationalism and sectionalism; Civil War; Reconstruction.

HIST 106 History of the United States

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

(HIST 1302) History of the United States. Since reconstruction; new social and industrial problems; rise of progressivism; U.S. emergence as a world power; World War I; reaction and New Deal; World War II; contemporary America.

HIST 210 Russian Civilization

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Russian history, culture and society from origins to the present; rise of the Russian Empire; autocracy; modernization without liberalization; reforms, reaction, revolution; development of Communist regime; continuity from Imperial to Soviet period in industrialization, bureaucracy and treatment of peasants, nationalities and intellectual opposition; Gorbachev and a new "revolution.

HIST 213 History of England

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

(HIST 2313) History of England. British, Saxon and Norman origins; national development; struggles between church and state; crown and nobles; nobles and commons; development of parliament.

HIST 214 History of England

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

(HIST 2314) History of England. Agrarian and Industrial Revolutions; relations with Ireland; evolution of democracy; struggles with France and Napoleon; social legislation in the 20th century; growth of Empire until World War II.

HIST 220 History of Christianity: Origins to the Reformation

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

History of Christian doctrine, ecclesiastical organization, and religious practice, origins through Reformation, with emphasis on religion and society; life and teachings of Jesus; apostolic church; patristic period; Christianization of Roman Empire and northern Europe; monasticism; medieval church; Gregorian reform; heresy; papal monarchy; schism and conciliarism; reformations of the sixteenth century.
Cross Listing: CLAS 220 and RELS 220.

HIST 221/RELS 221 History of Islam

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Introduction to the history of Islam, from the origins of the religion to the present; development of Islamic law; gender issues; expansion of Islam to Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia; globalized Islam.
Cross Listing: RELS 221/HIST 221.

HIST 226 History of Texas

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

(HIST 2301) History of Texas. History of Texas from Spanish period to present day. Stress placed upon period of Anglo-American settlement, revolution, republic and development of modern state.

HIST 230 American Military History, 1609 to Present

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Main events, personalities and technologies related to American military history.

HIST 232 History of American Sea Power

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Development of American sea power from the 18th century to the present.

HIST 234 European Military History

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Includes societal involvement, democratization of war, technology, strategy, military thought and campaigns.

HIST 242 United States Maritime History

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Development of American maritime history from colonial times to the present.

HIST 258 American Indian History

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Survey of American Indian history; Pre-Columbian, First Contact, Colonial Conquest, Differentiation between cultural groups; Reservation period, twentieth-century self-determination, and Pan-Indianism.

HIST 280 The Historian’s Craft

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

The Historian's Craft. The world of the professional historian; meanings and uses of history; current debates; archival research; evidence and argumentation; principles and methods of the analytical narrative.

HIST 285 Directed Studies

Credits 0 to 3. 0 to 3 Other Hours.

Selected fields of history not covered in depth by other courses. Reports and extensive reading required.
Prerequisite: Approval of department head.

HIST 289 Special Topics in...

Credits 3. 3 Other Hours.

Selected topics in an identified area of history. May be repeated for credit.
Prerequisite: Approval of instructor.

HIST 291 Research

Credits 0 to 3. 0 to 3 Other Hours.

Research conducted under the direction of faculty member in history.
Prerequisites: 24 hours if history, with 12 or more at 200-level or above; freshman or sophomore classification and approval of instructor.

HIST 300/AFST 300 Blacks in the United States, 1607-1877

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Blacks in the United States from the colonial period to 1877; the slave trade, slavery, free blacks and the impact of the Civil War and Reconstruction on blacks.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.
Cross Listing: AFST 300/HIST 300.

HIST 301/AFST 301 Blacks in the United States Since 1877

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Blacks in the United States from the end of Reconstruction to the present; the ideologies of black leaders, disfranchisement, lynching and the quest for equality in the 1950s and 1960s.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.
Cross Listing: AFST 301/HIST 301.

HIST 302 Women and War in the African Diaspora

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Case studies of women and war in the African diaspora in a wide historical and comparative context; social, economic, and cultural influence of war on women’s lives; women as victims, combatants, and refugees; historical construction of race, ethnic and gender identity during times of conflict.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.

HIST 304 Mexican-American Frontier to 1848

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Origins and development of Spanish and Mexican history of Greater Southwest; exploration and conquest; Spanish entradas into Southwest; rise of institutions and colonial society; economic history; Mexican independence; Mexico's far northern frontier, 1821-1848.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.

HIST 305 Mexican-American History 1848-Present

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Social, economic and political evolution of Mexican Americans from 1848 to present; adaptation to a harsh and isolated frontier; land tenure systems; conflict in the new Southwest; change and continuity in society; immigration and settlement of Mexicans; emergence of various political movements; current issues.

HIST 307 Latino Communities of the U.S.

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Hispanic or "Latino" communities of 20th century U.S.: Mexican Americans, Puerto Ricans, Cubans and Central Americans; differences in historical experiences; role of race, class, and gender; cultural identity as expressed in art, literature, folklore and religion; contemporary social, political, and economic issues.

HIST 308 History of American Indians in the U.S. South

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Examination of the role of indigenous populations in the history and formation of the U.S. South; cultural values and social practices; impact of European exploration and African slavery; trade patterns, imperial wars, and removal policies.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.

HIST 319 U.S. Immigration and Ethnicity

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

The sources and persistence of ethnic identity in 19th and 20th century America; its interaction with religion, politics, languages, education and social mobility; various nativist and anti-immigrant movements; contrasts and continuities between contemporary immigration patterns and those of earlier eras.

HIST 320 History of the Atlantic World

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Introduction to the comparative study of the civilizations and cultures that bordered on the Atlantic Ocean; examination of culture and economic exchanges and adaptations, migrations, empire-building, and the emergence of new societies and cultures.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.

HIST 321 The Age of Revolution in the Atlantic World

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Origins and events of the revolutions that transformed the Atlantic empires of Great Britain, France, and Spain in the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries; disruption of old political and economic orders; creation of independent states in the Americas.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.

HIST 322 History of the Iberian World

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Introduction to the people and places of the Iberian World, ca. 1500-1900; social, political and economical relations between Spain, Portugal, Asia and the Americas; emergence of a shared culture and cross-cultural exchange.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.

HIST 325 Texas Cultural History

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

The image of Texas history, tradition and popular culture from the 19th century to the present.
Prerequisite: HIST 226 or ANTH 201, ANTH 210 or ANTH 229.

HIST 326 History of the Caribbean to Emancipation

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

History of the Caribbean region from human settlement to the late nineteenth century; indigenous peoples; European colonization; colonial societies; challenges to the imperial plantation model.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.

HIST 327 History of the Caribbean Since Emancipation

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

History of the Caribbean region from the late nineteenth century to the present; links to earlier plantation societies; economic, cultural, social, and political developments.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.

HIST 330 Women in Ancient Greece and Rome

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Survey of women in classical Greece and Rome; emphases on female occupations and family relationships, legal and political status, traditional values, notorious women, how women were viewed and how they viewed themselves.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.
Cross Listing: CLAS 330 and WGST 330.

HIST 331 Medieval Europe, 300 to 1300

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

European political and diplomatic history from Constantine to Philip the Fair; emergence of medieval institutions; the influence of Plato and Aristotle upon Augustine, Abelard and Thomas Aquinas, and the origins of European education and law.

HIST 332 Renaissance and Reformation Europe, 1300 to 1660

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Renaissance politics and diplomacy; political ideas of Erasmus and Machiavelli; art and humanism of the Renaissance; religious views of Luther, Calvin and Zwingli; the "new" economics.

HIST 333 Europe in the Age of Absolutism, 1660-1815

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Europe from the "Age of Louis XIV" to the Congress of Vienna; Russia, Austria and Prussia. Mercantilism, capitalism and the rise of the middle class. Origins and consequences of the Enlightenment.

HIST 334 History of Europe in the Nineteenth Century

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Cultural, economic, and political processes that shaped European civilization (east and west); the Napoleon era; industrialization and urbanization; liberalism and socialism; empire and revolution; cultural developments.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.

HIST 335 Europe, 1890-1932

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

A political, diplomatic, social and cultural history of Europe prior to, during and shortly after World War I.

HIST 336 Europe Since 1932

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

A political, diplomatic, military, social and cultural history of Europe prior to, during and since World War II.

HIST 337 War and European Society in the Twentieth Century

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

War and social change in Europe during the twentieth century; relationships between front lines and home fronts; government and civil society; gender and war; ethnic and national identities in Eastern, Central, and Western Europe.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.

HIST 338 The Rise of the European Middle Class

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Survey of European society and social classes from the origins of capitalism in the Middle Ages to the triumph of the "middle class world" in the 19th century; rise of the middle class, development of bourgeois ideology and culture, and creation of the working class.

HIST 339 Eastern Europe Since 1453

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Eastern Europe from the fall of the Byzantine Empire to the present; the Ottoman, Habsburg, Russian and Soviet Empires; the origins of modern East European states.

HIST 341 Latin America to 1810

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Political history of South America from exploration and settlement to independence; colonial institutions; commercial systems.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.

HIST 342 Latin America Since 1810

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Political history of independent South American nations since independence with emphasis upon ABC countries; economic, social and cultural development; foreign relations.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.

HIST 343 Inter-American Relations

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Cultural, diplomatic and economic relations in the Western Hemisphere in historical perspective.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification or approval of instructor.

HIST 344/AFST 344 History of Africa to 1800

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Origins of humankind in Africa; development and spread of pastoralism, agriculture and iron-working; formation of states and empires; impact of Christianity and Islam; rise of international trade in gold, ivory and slaves; African diaspora.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.
Cross Listing: AFST 344/HIST 344.

HIST 345/AFST 345 Modern Africa

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Survey of Africa since 1800; pre-colonial African states and societies; establishment and impact of European colonial rule; rise of nationalist movements; achievement of independence; problems of political stability and economic development in contemporary Africa; South Africa's apartheid regime and its opponents.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.
Cross Listing: AFST 345/HIST 345.

HIST 346/AFST 346 History of South Africa

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Selected themes in the history of South Africa from the African Iron Age to the Apartheid regime; history of race relations in the 19th and 20th centuries and the rise of a modern industrial state.
Cross Listing: AFST 346/HIST 346.

HIST 347/RELS 347 Rise of Islam, 600-1258

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Introduction to Islamic civilization from the rise of Islam to the Mongol conquests; examination of pre-Islamic poetry, the Qur'an, early Islamic laws on prayer, the ethical conventions of jihad, the lives of Muslim women, and the relation of Islam to Judaism and Christianity.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.
Cross Listing: RELS 347/HIST 347.

HIST 348 Modern Middle East

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Survey of the Middle East since 1800; introduction to Islam and Islamic civilization; decline of the Ottoman Empire; European imperialism; rise of nationalist movements; Zionism and the emergence of Israel; Arab-Israeli conflict; impact of oil; revolution in Iran and Islamic resurgence.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.

HIST 349/ASIA 349 The Vietnam War/The American War

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Vietnam's relations with the West; French colonialism; origins and development of Vietnamese nationalism; Cold War and American involvement; wartime societies in North and South Vietnam; expansion of the war to Cambodia and Laos; anti-war movements in the United States; reasons for American defeat; consequences and lessons of the war.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.
Cross Listing: ASIA 349/HIST 349.

HIST 350/ASIA 350 World War II in Asia and the Pacific

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Origins and development of Japanese imperialism; Japan's expansion into East and Southeast Asia and the Pacific; wartime societies; collaboration and resistance; effects of the war in the United States on Japanese-Americans; outcomes of the war; remembrance of the war.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.
Cross Listing: ASIA 350/HIST 350.

HIST 351/ASIA 351 Traditional East Asia

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

History and culture of China and Japan from earliest times to the coming of the West; impact of Confucianism and Buddhism; development of social, political and economic systems.
Cross Listing: ASIA 351/HIST 351.

HIST 352/ASIA 352 Modern East Asia

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Impact of the West on traditional China and Japan; the response through modernization; rise of nationalism and formation of modern nation states.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.
Cross Listing: ASIA 352/HIST 352.

HIST 353 Modern South Asia

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Evolution of cultures, politics and societies in Indian sub-continent from c.1500 to present; rise and demise of empires (especially Mughal and British); anti-colonialism and emergence of nation states; social and cultural struggles and debates.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.

HIST 354/ASIA 354 Imperial China

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

History of imperial China from the earliest dynasties through the mid-19th century, including major political events, the structure of Chinese government, economic development, philosophies and religion, wars and military and culture and daily life.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.
Cross Listing: ASIA 354/HIST 354.

HIST 355/ASIA 355 Modern China

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

History of China from the coming of the West to the present; social, economic and political changes which have taken place during that period.
Cross Listing: ASIA 355/HIST 355.

HIST 356/ASIA 356 Twentieth Century Japan

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Industrialization and modernization of Japan; its rise from an isolated nation to a major world power and economic giant.
Cross Listing: ASIA 356/HIST 356.

HIST 357/AFST 357 Out of Africa: The Black Diaspora and the Modern World

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

History and cultures of the peoples of the African Diaspora from the fourteenth through the nineteenth centuries; social, political, and economic impact on Africa, the Americas, Europe, and the Arab World; emphasis on race, gender, identity, and migration.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.
Cross Listing: AFST 357/HIST 357.

HIST 358/ASIA 358 Chinese Cultural History

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours. 0 Lab Hours.

Examination of Chinese culture and its evolution over the last 4,000 years; customs, art, literature, festivals, folklore, religion, architecture, medicine, and everyday life.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.
Cross Listing: ASIA 358/HIST 358.

HIST 359 American Environmental History

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

History of American attitudes toward nature: use of land, water, timber, oil, coal, wildlife and other natural resources in the United States; conservation movement and significant conflicts over resources; changing perception of the physical environment.

HIST 360 History of Energy in America

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Impact of energy upon industrial America; emphasis on relationship between energy and industrial development, emergence of state and federal energy policies, role of energy in foreign policy, growth of energy-oriented industries and impact of energy development on the environment.

HIST 361 Technology and Engineering in Western Civilization, 1400-Present

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Man's material culture and his understanding of the physical world since the 15th century; role of the Renaissance and the Scientific, Agricultural and Industrial Revolutions in Europe; the resulting transformations in western civilization.

HIST 362 History of Science

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

The ideas of the great scientists and their impact on society; the Newtonian Revolution; Lavoisier and the new chemistry; Darwin and evolutionary thought; Enrico Fermi, Robert Oppenheimer and the development of nuclear energy.

HIST 363 History of Science in America

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

The major developments in the physical and life sciences from colonial times to the present; the lives and scientific contributions of such famous American scientists as Benjamin Franklin, Joseph Henry, Thomas Edison and J. Robert Oppenheimer.

HIST 364 History of Technology and Engineering in America, 1607-Present

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

American technological development from the colonial times to the present; technology in society, factors affecting technological development, changing attitudes toward technological accomplishments and the effects of technology upon society.

HIST 365/RELS 365 History of Religion in America to 1860

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Religion in North America from colonial beginnings to eve of Civil War; relations between European Christianity, Native Americans and African Americans; religious pluralism, reform movements, social and political change.
Cross Listing: RELS 365/HIST 365.

HIST 366/RELS 366 History of Religion in America from 1860 to the Present

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Religion in America from the Civil War; relationship of religion and science, ethnic assimilation, emergence of fundamentalism, mass evangelism, cults and criticisms of contemporary culture; examination of social and racial problems by the major religious traditions.
Cross Listing: RELS 366/HIST 366.

HIST 367 Colonization of North America

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Geographic setting; early English, French, Dutch, Swedish discovery, conquest and settlement, 1497-1763; colonial administration; colonial life; inter-colonial wars.

HIST 368 The Birth of the Republic, 1763-1820

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Impact of French and Indian War; British colonial policy 1763-1775; War for Independence; Confederation crisis; Constitution-making and ratification; development of political parties; problem of foreign entanglements; War of 1812; conflict of nationalist and sectionalist tendencies; historiography and interpretation.

HIST 369 The United States, 1820-1860

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Jacksonian democracy; impact of nationalism and sectionalism; manifest destiny and Mexican War; slavery controversy; expansion.

HIST 370 Civil War and Reconstruction

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Survey of background and causes of the war; military, political, economic, and diplomatic aspects of the war; life behind the lines; Reconstruction and post-war adjustments, 1861-1877.

HIST 371 America in the Gilded Age, 1877-1901

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

The United States from 1877 to 1901; political, cultural and economic developments.

HIST 372 Reform, War and Normalcy: The United States, 1901-1929

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Emergence of Progressivism; reform in the cities and states; reforms and foreign policies of the Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft and Woodrow Wilson administrations; World War I and aftermath; Harding-Coolidge normalcy; the Jazz Age; Hoover and the Great Crash.

HIST 373 The Great Depression and World War II

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

The United States, 1929-1945; cultural, social, economic, and political developments in the nation; global diplomacy and military strategy.

HIST 374 The United States After World War II

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

The United States since World War II; political, economic, cultural and social changes and role as a world leader.

HIST 376 Great Scientists in History

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

History of fundamental scientific principles through biography; Galileo, Newton, Darwin, Mendel, Curie, Einstein, Pauling, and others.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.

HIST 401 Slavery in World History

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Comparative history of human slavery; slavery in the Ancient World, Asia, Africa; varieties of modern slavery in the New World since 1500; abolition of slavery and continuing forms of human bondage in the contemporary world.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.
Cross Listing: AFST 401 and ASIA 401.

HIST 402 Germany Since 1815

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

A survey of the unification of Germany; creation of the German Empire; Weimar Republic; rise and fall of Nazi Germany; and the role of Germany in international diplomacy.

HIST 403 History of Nazi Germany

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Inner workings of the Third Reich from inception in 1933 to collapse at the end of World II in 1945; leadership and structure of the Nazi party; family life, religion and business.

HIST 404 Post 1945 Germanies

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Examines Germany from the end of World War II to the end of the 20th century; includes political, social, cultural, and economic life in divided and occupied Germany; covers Germany since reunification in 1990.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.

HIST 405 History of the Holocaust

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

History of the Nazi Holocaust; Third Reich; Jewish Ghetto life and concentration camps; role of the military, S.S. and German business; lessons and legacies.

HIST 406 The Era of the French Revolution and Napoleon, 1715-1815

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Origins and events of the French Revolution; Napoleon Bonaparte and the First Empire; social, economic, political and military developments in France and Europe.

HIST 407 History of France Since 1815

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Nineteenth century Bourbon, Orleanist, Bonapartist and Republican regimes; France in World Wars I and II; De Gaulle and the role of France in the 20th century.

HIST 410 Russian History to 1801

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Origins and Christianization of Russia; establishment and decline of Kievan Rus' state; Mongol conquest and domination of Russia; rise of Moscow, establishment of tsardom, expansion of state in sixteenth and seventeenth centuries; Peter the Great's reforms; emergence of Russian Empire as a major power; era of Catherine the Great.

HIST 411 Imperial Russia 1801-1917

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

The last century of the autocratic Romanov dynasty and the social, intellectual, economic and political forces that ended it; political culture, society in transition, international affairs and revolutionary groups in an era of reform, counter-reform, reaction and industrialization.

HIST 412 Soviet Union 1917-1991

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Political and social evaluation of the Soviet system; the Russian Revolution and consolidation of Bolshevik power; Civil War; power struggles among Lenin's successors; Stalin's industrial revolution, collectivization, and terror; Khrushchev's de-Stalinization campaign, stagnation under Brezhnev; Gorbachev's attempts at radical reform; the collapse of the Soviet Union.

HIST 416 Texas as Border Region

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

History of Texas since annexation; slavery and its aftermath; border cultures and identities; race and ethnicity; modernization and its discontents.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification or approval of instructor.

HIST 418 European Intellectual History from Ancient Greece to the Early Middle Ages

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Political and social history of selected major figures and important movements in political theory, literature, sociology, art, economics and philosophy from Pre-Socratic Greece through the formative stages of the Christian Middle Ages.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.
Cross Listing: CLAS 418 and RELS 418.

HIST 419/RELS 419 European Intellectual History from the High Middle Ages to the 17th Century

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Political and social history of selected major figures and important movements in political theory, literature, sociology, art, economics and philosophy from the founding of Scholasticism and the University System to the New Philosophy and science of 17th century.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.
Cross Listing: RELS 419/HIST 419.

HIST 420 European Intellectual History from the Enlightenment to 1900

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Political and social history of selected major figures and important movements in political theory, literature, sociology, art, economics and philosophy in the 18th and 19th centuries.

HIST 421 European Intellectual History in the Twentieth Century

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Political and social history of selected major figures and important movements in political theory, literature, sociology, art, economics and philosophy from the turn of the century to the present.

HIST 426/CLAS 426 The Ancient Greeks

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Greek History and civilization from the Archaic Age to Alexander the Great (8th-late 4th century B.C.).
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification, or approval of instructor.
Cross Listing: CLAS 426/HIST 426.

HIST 427/CLAS 427 The Roman Republic I: The Empire Builders

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Roman history and civilization from the beginnings of the Republic (6th/5th century B.C.) to the late 2nd century B.C.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification, or approval of instructor.
Cross Listing: CLAS 427/HIST 427.

HIST 428/CLAS 428 The Roman Republic II: The Civil Wars

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Roman history and civilization from the late 2nd century B.C. to the 1st century A.D.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification, or approval of instructor.
Cross Listing: CLAS 428/HIST 428.

HIST 429/CLAS 429 The Roman Empire

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Roman History and civilization of the Imperial Period (1st century B.C.-6th century A.D.).
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification, or approval of instructor.
Cross Listing: CLAS 429/HIST 429.

HIST 431 The Kingdom of Ireland, 1541-1800

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

History of Ireland from the mid sixteenth century through the end of the eighteenth century; impact of religion, politics, warfare, land disputes, famine, and international developments; creation of the United Kingdom.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.

HIST 432 The Nation of Ireland, 1800 to the Present

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

History of Ireland from the creation of the United Kingdom through the end of the twentieth century; British-Irish relations; agrarian unrest and violence; famine; political, cultural, and religious developments.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.

HIST 435 Sixteenth-Century Britain

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Changes in social, cultural, economic, political and religious institutions and organization; growth of the nation state; the "new monarchy"; Reformation and religious settlement; international relations; inflation and social dislocation; the role of Parliament.

HIST 436 Seventeenth-Century Britain

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Social, political, economic, cultural and religious developments, Puritanism and the Revolution of the 1640s, the Restoration, establishment of constitutional monarchy after 1688, Great Britain's rise as an imperial power.

HIST 437 Eighteenth Century Britain

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Political, social, economical, intellectual, cultural, and imperial history of Britain in the eighteenth century.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.

HIST 438 Nineteenth Century Britain

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Political, social, economic, cultural, intellectual and military history of Great Britain from 1815 to 1914.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification or approval of instructor.

HIST 439 Twentieth Century Britain

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Constitutional, political, economic, military, social and cultural history of Great Britain since 1900.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification or approval of instructor.

HIST 440 Latin American Cultural and Intellectual History

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Main currents of culture and thought as shaped by historical circumstances.

HIST 441 History of Mexico, 1821 to the Present

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Political, economic and social development of Mexico since independence and her relation to other world powers.

HIST 442 World War II

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Origins; military campaigns in Europe, North Africa, Asia, and the Pacific; European, Japanese, Asian, and American home fronts; collapse of Germany; atomic warfare; legacies.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.

HIST 443 American Military History to 1901

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

American military experience from colonial days to 1901; causes, nature and effect of the wars in which the United States has participated.

HIST 444 American Military History Since 1901

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

American military experience from 1901 to present; causes, nature and effect of wars in which the United States has participated; effect of war on American history.

HIST 445 History of Modern Military Thought

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Military thought and theory, 1700 to the present.

HIST 447 Law and Society in the United States

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

How political and social conditions in American history have produced fundamental constitutional principles, changes and practices; historical evolution of written and unwritten Constitution.

HIST 449 History of Brazil, 1822 to the Present

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Political, cultural and economic development of Brazil since independence; slavery and race relations; relation to other world powers.
Prerequisite: Junior classification.

HIST 450 Southern Identities and Cultures through Reconstruction

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Focus on parts of North America where slavery dominated the economy, politics and demographics; experiences of native, African and European-descended peoples in such regions from the colonial period to the end of slavery; debates about geographical and cultural roots of regional identities.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification or approval of instructor.

HIST 451 Southern Identities and Cultures Since Reconstruction

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Focus on the aftermath of slavery and defeat in those parts of North America where slavery dominated the economy, politics and demographics; transformations in race, culture and politics in such regions and emergence of new identities since Reconstruction; debates over the geographic and cultural roots of the American South.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification or approval of instructor.

HIST 453 The American Frontier

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Westward movement; patterns of westward expansion, pioneer settlement, the West in diplomacy and influence of frontier on American life and institutions.

HIST 455 History of the American City

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

History of American Cities; a social, economic and political study of industry, labor and immigration; development of a metropolitan society.

HIST 456 American Agricultural History

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

History of American agricultural development from the Revolutionary period to the present; technological developments, major farm industries, labor, regional development, farm movements and farm programs.

HIST 459 American Society and Culture to 1877

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Century of social and political thought, religion, science, scholarship and education in the United States.

HIST 460 American Society and Culture Since 1877

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Continuation of HIST 459 from 1877 to the present.

HIST 461/WGST 461 History of American Women

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Cultural, political, legal and religious factors that helped shape the role and character of women in American society from colonial times to the present; historical role of women in the development of the nation.
Cross Listing: WGST 461/HIST 461.

HIST 462 American Foreign Relations to 1913

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

History of U.S. foreign relations and policies to 1913.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification or approval of instructor.

HIST 463 American Foreign Relations Since 1913

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

History of U.S. foreign relations and policies since 1913.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification or approval of instructor.

HIST 464 International Developments Since 1918

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

General survey of world politics since close of World War I; problems and ideologies of great powers of Europe and factors and conditions which explain present political tendencies and policies.

HIST 469 History of Collective Protest and Violence

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Examination of collective protest and violence on a case study basis and in comparative and historical context; emphasis on causes, the nature of participation, assumptions and goals, and the character of repression.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.

HIST 470 American Business History

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Management strategy and structure of the modern corporation in 19th and 20th century America and the corporation's changing roles in American society.

HIST 473/WGST 473 History of Modern American Women

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Emergence of modern American women in the 1890s; examination of their history from the 1890s to the present; women as organizers, innovators, political reformers, workers, social activists, housewives, mothers, consumers and feminists.
Cross Listing: WGST 473/HIST 473.

HIST 475 Empire and History

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Survey of empire in a wide historical and comparative framework using a case study approach; themes of a given case study include changing social, economic, and cultural politics of imperialism, resistance in colonial environments, colonial and post-colonial identities, and race and gender relations. May be taken 3 times for credit.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.

HIST 476/WGST 476 Sex and Sexuality in History

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Changing ideas about sex and sexuality over time; includes their interaction with ideas about gender, race, class, religion, science, technology, medicine, politics and popular culture; historical and cultural processes creating modern concerns about sex and sexuality.
Prerequisite: Junior or senior classification.
Cross Listing: WGST 476/HIST 476.

HIST 477/WGST 477 Women and Gender in Modern European History

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Women in Europe from the 18th century to the present: women's contributions to their societies; realities of their daily lives and their responses; perceptions of women; role of institutions in defining women's roles; significance for women of industrialization, revolution, warfare, scientific discoveries; interaction of class, race and gender.
Cross Listing: WGST 477/HIST 477.

HIST 481 Seminar in History

Credits 3. 3 Lecture Hours.

Literature of an issue, event, period or people in history; use of primary source materials connected with the field of the seminar; problems of bibliography, historiography and historical method; and experience in writing.
Prerequisite: 21 credits of history, 9 of which must be 300-level or above. Open to senior history majors or with instructor's approval.

HIST 485 Directed Studies

Credits 0 to 3. 0 to 3 Other Hours.

Selected fields of history not covered in depth by other courses. Reports and extensive reading required.
Prerequisite: Approval of department head.

HIST 489 Special Topics in...

Credits 1 to 4. 1 to 4 Lecture Hours.

Selected topics in an identified area of history.

HIST 491 Research

Credits 0 to 3. 0 to 3 Other Hours.

Research conducted under the direction of faculty member in history.
Prerequisites: 24 hours if history, with 12 or more at 300-level or above; junior or senior classification and approval of instructor.

HIST 497 Independent Honors Studies

Credits 1 to 3. 1 to 3 Other Hours.

Directed independent studies for upper division Honors students, regardless of academic major, in selected aspects of history.
Prerequisites: Junior or senior classification either as Honors student or with overall GPR of 3.25 and letter of approval from head of student's major department and approval of head, Department of History.

Adams, Ralph, Distinguished Professor
History
PHD, University of California, Santa Barbara, 1972

Alonzo, Armando, Associate Professor
History
PHD, Indiana University, 1994

Alperntarlow, Sara, Associate Professor
History
PHD, University of Maryland, 1978

Anderson, Terry, Professor
History
PHD, Indiana University, 1978

Blanton, Carlos, Associate Professor
History
PHD, Rice University, 1999

Bouton, Cynthia, Professor
History
PHD, SUNY Binghamton, 1985

Bradford, James, Professor
History
PHD, University of Virginia, 1976

Brooks, Charles, Associate Professor
History
PHD, University of Buffalo, 1988

Broussard, Albert, Professor
History
PHD, Duke University, 1977

Buenger, Walter, Professor
History
PHD, Rice University, 1979

Cobbs, Elizabeth, Professor
History
PHD, Stanford University, 1988

Collopy, William, Lecturer
History
PHD, Texas A&M University, 2011

Coopersmith, Jonathan, Associate Professor
History
PHD, University of Oxford, 1985

Dawson, Joseph, Professor
History
PHD, Louisiana State University and A&M University, 1978

Dror, Olga, Associate Professor
History
PHD, Cornell University, 2003

Dunlap, Thomas, Professor
History
PHD, University of Wisconsin - madison, 1975

Dunning, Chester, Professor
History
PHD, Boston College, 1976

Emre, Side, Assistant Professor
History
PHD, University of Chicago, 2009

Flaherty, Jane, Lecturer
History
PHD, Texas A&M University, 2005

Foote, Lorien, Professor
History
PHD, University of Oklahoma - Norman, 1999

Haefeli, Evan, Associate Professor
History
PHD, Princeton University, 2000

Hatfield, April, Associate Professor
History
PHD, Johns Hopkins University, 1997

Hernandez, Sonia, Associate Professor
History
PHD, University of Houston, 2006

Hinojosa, Felipe, Associate Professor
History
PHD, University of Houston, 2009

Holzweiss, Robert, Visiting Assistant Professor
History
PHD, Texas A&M University, 2001

Hudson, Angela, Associate Professor
History
PHD, Yale University, 2007

Hudson, David, Instructional Associate Professor
History
PHD, Texas A&M University, 1998

Johnson, Violet, Professor
History
PHD, Boston College, 1992

Kamphoefner, Walter, Professor
History
PHD, University of Missouri, 1978

Kim, Hoi-Eun, Associate Professor
History
PHD, Harvard University, 2006

Kirkendall, Andrew, Professor
History
PHD, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1996

Lenihan, John, Associate Professor
History
PHD, University of Maryland, 1976

Linn, Brian, Professor
History
PHD, Ohio State University, 1985

Livesay, Harold, Professor
History
PHD, Johns Hopkins University, 1970

McInnis, Verity, Lecturer
History
PHD, Texas A&M University, 2012

Parker, Jason, Associate Professor
History
PHD, University of Florida, 2002

Reese, Roger, Professor
History
PHD, The University of Texas, 1990

Resch, Robert, Associate Professor
History
PHD, University of California Davis, 1985

Rosenheim, James, Professor
History
PHD, Princeton University, 1981

Rouleau, Brian, Assistant Professor
History
PHD, University of Pennsylvania, 2010

Schloss, Rebecca, Associate Professor
History
PHD, Duke University, 2003

Schwartz, Daniel, Assistant Professor
History
PHD, Princeton University, 2009

Seipp, Adam, Professor
History
PHD, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2005

Smith, Philip, Instructional Assistant Professor
History
PHD, Texas A&M University, 2007

Starks, Ernest, Professor
History
PHD, University of Houston, 1996

Stranges, Anthony, Associate Professor
History
PHD, University of Wisconsin - madison, 1977

Unterman, Katherine, Assistant Professor
History
PHD, Yale, 2011

Vaught, David, Professor
History
PHD, University of California, Davis, 1997

Wang, Di, Professor
History
PHD, Johns Hopkins University, 1999

Wood, Julia, Assistant Professor
History
PHD, Yale University, 2011

Yarak, Larry, Associate Professor
History
PHD, Northwestern University, 1983